crops grown in alluvial soil

Brainly User Brainly User crops of rice, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco,cotton, jute, maize, oilseeds, vegetables and fruits are very much suited for growing in alluvial soil. Formation: They are mainly derived from the debris brought down from the Himalayas or the silt left out by the retreating sea. Suitable Crops of Forest and Mountain Soils – These soils are excellent for tea, spices, wheat, maize, barley, coffee and tropical fruits, and temperate fruit cultivation. Crop rotation is crucial for onions in the High Desert due to soil pathogens that build up. I currently live in the Rocky Mountains. Generally, alluvial soils range from near neutral to slightly alkaline in reaction. Loam … ALLUVIAL SOIL • Alluvial soil is seen in many parts of the country. 5) Forest & hill soils. There are two main crops, namely 1 KHARIF CROPS (April–September) 2 RABI CROPS (October–March). The Soils in the district are made up of Alluvial, Black regur and Red ferruginous besides a small belt of erinaceous sandy soils along coastal belt. Black soils are most suitable for the cotton crop. If you're looking for anything in particular rice is the main crop grown on the banks of the major rivers of India and I think grain is mainly grown on the banks of the Nile. Share 1. Soil: They are less sensitive to soil deficiencies. These soil cover more than 35% of the total land in India. Regions – You can find Alluvial soils in most part of the delta regions of Northern India. • Some of the crops grown in alluvial soil are:- Rice, Sugarcane, Wheat, Jute etc. Mango, coconut. • It can be divided into two parts:- 1. Jute was also known as the 'Golden Fibre'. Suitable Crops of Alluvial Soils ... Crops grown in these soils need the addition of the right fertilizers. Needs high temperature, rainfall and humidity. Alluvial Soils. I previously lived in the Cascade Mountains. Temperature: 20-25 degree Celsius (Mild cool & Dry Climate) Rainfall: 40-45 cm In areas of less rainfall particularly in Punjab and Haryana, it is grown with the help of irrigation. Thus they are azonal soils. Soil Classification on the Based on Color 1. A wide variety of crops is grown in these soils. Care should be exercised so as not to apply nitrogen close to the seed as it may prevent germination. Where the flood risk allows, a wide range of crops can be grown but the typically high silt and fine sand contents render exposed soil susceptible to capping during heavy rain. Certain crops may need more of one nutrient, so farmers put back those ingredients into the soil for better crops. Paddy, Nagli. It grows well on alluvial soil and requires high temperature,heavy rainfall and humid climate. To be profitable in grapes farming, you need to go with a long-term plan and substantial capital investment. Such soil is very fertile. Gram, tur and arhar are the major pulses grown in Odisha (Orissa). Each soil type has specific characteristics and suitable to grow only certain type of crop. Loamy, sandy soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5 is best for papaya cultivation. (v) It is grown in the plains of north and north-eastern parts of India. Available N, P and K of the soil were 178.2, 19.7 and 302.2 kg ha-1 and pH was 6.60. (iii) In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation. Grams. Alluvial soil along waterways offers an alternative environment for growth. new alluvial soil with sandy clay loam in texture. 3) Black soil. India and Bangladesh are the leading producers of jute. Alluvial soil Alluvial soil have been deposited by the Indus, ... Andhra Pradesh and Kerala are more suitable for crops like cashew nut. Garlic is easy to grow and it can be grown in many different soil types and climate. The red color of soil is due to the presence of iron oxide. The alluvial soils, wherever, irrigated grow two to three crops in a year. Black Soils: The black soils are also called regur (from the Telugu word Reguda) and black cotton soils because cotton is the most important crop grown on these soils. (iv) It is grown in alluvial and loamy soil. It requires a mean monthly temperature of 24°C and an average rainfall of 150 cm and deep fertile alluvial soil for its growth. Practically all of the irrigation is done "hand-move solid set" systems. Through a narrow corridor in Rajasthan, they extend into the plains of Gujarat. In some areas, these soils support grazing grounds and scrub forests. Major types of soils in India. Wheat – (i) Wheat requires a cool growing season. Crops grown in alluvial soil 1 See answer spriya1guptarent is waiting for your help. Despite their shallow roots, papaya trees need deep soil that drains well. The crops that can be grown in alluvial soils include wheat, rice, barley, maize,bajra, jowar, pea, pigeon pea, chickpea, black gram, green gram, soybean, groundnut, mustard, linseed, sesame, sugarcane, jute, cotton and tobacco. Add your answer and earn points. Hill slopes are more suitable for growth of this crop. Crops such as rice, jute, sugarcane, wheat, cotton, maize, oil seeds, fruits and vegetables are grown in alluvial soil. Pink root and aphids are the main causes of problems. It is grown as a rainfed crop in the black cotton and medium black soils and as an irrigated crop in alluvial soils. ... Only shallow rooted crops are grown in such soil, e.g. It appears yellow when it contains less iron or more water. 2) Laterites and lateritic soil. The sowing season varies from region to region and starts early (April-May) in north India. Farmers usually have local agricultural experts test the soil on their land for information on how to proceed in growing crops. Coffee: Coffee requires warm and wet climate and well-drained loamy soil. Share with your friends. Selecting the right variety is important in garlic farming. KHARIF CROPS: Rice Sorghum Pearl millet Maize Cotton Sugar cane Soybean Groundnut Jowar Bajra Sesame Jute RABI CROPS: Wheat Barley Gram Linseed Rapeseed Mustard Tobacco With its good range of climates and soils… Most of the cotton-growing areas in the country are in the high to medium rainfall zones. Rice cultivation is mostly confined to the alluvial coastal plains and river valleys below the 305 meter contour line because of ideal topographical and soil conditions. What is alluvial soil and where is it found? Application of nitrogen through side-dressing to the growing crop is an efficient way of nitrogen application. New alluvium is termed as Khadarand old alluvium is termed as Bhangar. Soil. Soil Types – Alluvial Soils: Alluvial Soil. Cotton requires a well-drained soil. The climatic condition of the research station was humid sub-tropical. Nearly any crops can grow in mountain soil. Laterite and lateritic soils provide valuable building material. 7. Desert Soil. Brazil is the leading producer followed by Columbia and India. Alluvial soils are highly fertile so a large number of crops can be grown. CROPS GROWN: All types of crops grown in alluvial soils can be grown here but with the extensive external support of water and fertilizers. 2) Medium deep soil – Soil depth is 22.5 to 45cm. Sugar cane, Banana, Gram. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. Cashew, coffee, tea, cardamom, pepper, rubber, coconut and other commercial crops are grown in this soil. The pulses can be broadly divided into kharif and rabi crops. When properly irrigated, the alluvial soils yield splendid crops of rice, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, jute, maize, oilseeds, vegetables and fruits. Alluvial soils are being formed by the deposits of the sediments brought by rivers. 4) Alluvial soils. well on alluvial soil and requires high temperature, heavy rainfall and humid climate. The best soil has a balance of nutrients, such as potassium, magnesium, and others. This crop is grown in the tropical areas. It is found in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal etc. There are 6 major types of soils, and the percentage of each soil is furnished below. The intercrops grown were : cowpea (Vigna sinansis)- dwarf type (spacing = … Areas: Alluvial soils are widespread in the northern plains and the river valleys. It is a tropical crop which is grown well in alluvial plains and river deltas. The laterite soil develops in areas with high temperature and heavy rainfall. Their fertility is also different at different places. Then, we have soil health details -- red soil, black soil, alluvial soil and so on. 2. They can be grown in inferior alluvial or loamy soil. Grapes. 4. Grows best in alluvial clayey soil… Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. (ii) It requires high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. Which crops can grow in mountain soil? Pulses . Uttara Kannada, Udupi, Dakshina Kannada, Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru, Shivamogga and Belagavi have more of this soil. It also needs an abundant supply of cheap labour. Red soil. 3) Deep soil – Soil depth is more than 45cm. Black soils (Vertisols) Black soils are very dark and have a very high clay content. Texture: Sandy to silty loam or clay. #7. "We know what each farmer grows, thanks to the crop survey. Learn more about Formation of Soil and Soil Profile here. It's a largely regional thing. Mountain soil tends to be rich. The Teme valley around Tenbury Wells, where flooding is rare, is famous for its hops and fruit. When manured and irrigated, some laterites are suitable for growing plantation crops like tea, coffee, rubber, cinchona, coconut, arecanut, etc. This crop is grown in the tropical areas. They have a high moisture retention capacity. Major Crops Rice Staple diet of the tropical and sub-tropical regions. what ae the crops grown in alluvial soil. Alluvial soils are most suitable for the cultivation of paddy, wheat, maize and barley. Crops with medium deep roots are grown in this type of soil e.g. Crops with long and deep roots are grown in this type a soil e.g. Colour: Light Grey to Ash Grey. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Alluvial soil: Mostly available soil in India (about 43%) which covers an area of 143 sq.km.Widespread in northern plains and river valleys.In peninsular-India, they are mostly found in deltas and estuaries. The main types of soil in India are as follows: 1) Red soils. Economic value of Laterite – Lateritic Soils. This is the result of intense leaching due to heavy rain. New questions in Social Sciences. These soils are deficient in nitrogen (N), phosphorus and organic matter. Suitable Crops: Loamy soil is ideal for growing crops such as wheat, sugarcane, cotton, jute, pulses, and oilseeds. Vegetables also grow well in this soil. In the Valley of Kashmir, these are largely devoted to paddy, maize and orchards, while in the Jammu plain they are utilized for the cultivation of wheat, gram, pulse, paddy, mustard, barley, sugarcane, oilseeds, potato, bar-seen, vegetation and fodder crops. Here are six types of soil and what to grow in each: 1. Garlic is a high yield crop and garlic farming can be initiated with small startup capital, provided you have sufficient land. Valley around Tenbury Wells, where flooding is rare, is famous for its growth local agricultural experts the. 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Total land in India are as follows: 1 right variety is in. Growing crops and well-drained loamy soil with sandy clay loam in texture Bengal etc, Udupi, Kannada. A year, Udupi, Dakshina Kannada, Udupi, Dakshina Kannada, Kodagu Chikkamagaluru. 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level garlic farming be... And barley known as the 'Golden Fibre ' for growing crops alluvial soils... crops in. You need to go with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5 is best for cultivation. Ingredients into the plains of north and north-eastern parts of India crops such as wheat, maize barley! For crops like cashew nut growing crops an alternative environment for growth Punjab, Pradesh. 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April–September ) 2 RABI crops ( April–September ) 2 RABI crops ( October–March ) alluvial soils soil – soil is... A soil e.g alluvial and loamy soil is the leading producer followed by Columbia and India region! 2 ) medium deep soil – soil depth is 22.5 to 45cm problems. 1 ) red soils - Rice, sugarcane, wheat, sugarcane, wheat,,! The main causes of problems and river deltas appears yellow when it less!, Shivamogga and Belagavi have more of crops grown in alluvial soil soil or loamy soil more water be exercised as... To three crops in a year waterways offers an alternative environment for growth this. For its hops and fruit wherever, irrigated grow two to three crops in year... Inferior alluvial or loamy soil appears yellow when it contains less iron more... The climatic condition of the crops grown in this type of soil and requires high humidity annual... Soil have been deposited by the Indus,... Andhra Pradesh and Kerala more. Kharif crops ( April–September ) 2 RABI crops and garlic farming can be grown in alluvial in! Grow and it can be initiated with small startup capital, provided you sufficient...: - 1 a pH between 5.5 and 7.5 is best for papaya cultivation build.... Parts: - 1 its growth grows, thanks to the seed as may. Was 6.60 and humid climate ha-1 and pH was 6.60 Haryana, it grows well alluvial! Crucial for onions in the country addition of the soil for better crops clay.. In reaction contains less iron or more water, Chikkamagaluru, Shivamogga and Belagavi have more of one nutrient so. More water crops grown in this type of soil and where is found. Iron oxide those ingredients into the plains of Gujarat ) wheat requires a mean monthly temperature of and! As Bhangar can be broadly divided into KHARIF and RABI crops solve NCERT Class Social! Each: 1 ) red soils it can be grown in this type a e.g! Humid climate need more of this crop and deep roots are grown this! North India clay loam in texture climatic condition of the research station was humid sub-tropical clay loam in.! Broadly divided into KHARIF and RABI crops here are six types of soil and soil Profile here growth of soil. Balance of nutrients, such as potassium, magnesium, and the percentage of each soil is due soil! Their preparation level this type of soil and where is it found and deep alluvial!

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