hardwood species chart

It is surpassed by 13 other varieties that have as much as 37% more BTUs per cord! Some species of trees are typically very small—some are even considered shrubs—while others get quite large. Common Uses: Carvings, trim, inlays, furniture , guitars, knife handles, and turned objects. This is the third edition of this site containing nearly twice as many species, higher resolution imagery and more in-depth descriptions of each species. It contains the physical properties and illustrations of more than 150 commercial species, reproduced from the popular TRADA Red Books and Wood Information Sheets. If you need any help or can't find what you're looking for, please contact us for more assistance as we are always happy to help. Each wood species is listed in alphabetical order on each chart with its corresponding related number next to each species. American Hardwood Information Center; American Hardwood Export Council; Australian National Association of Forest Industries ; Canadian Wood Group; FSC Lesser Known Tropical Wood Index; Database of Wood Species; NCSU Inside Wood project; Reproduction of The American Woods: exhibited by actual specimens and with copious explanatory text by Romeyn B. Hough; US Forest Products … endstream endobj 19 0 obj <>stream Commercially, the pecan is the most important native North American nut tree and it is the state tree of Texas. Most of the products manufactured from softwood species can also be produced from hardwoods, but they tend to have different properties. Thus, it is the first strictly American hardwood species. Each type and species of wood has an individual cellular structure that creates unique physical properties that determine suitability for different uses. I’m working my way alphabetically by botanical name, so check out the latest added wood to see where I’m at in the queue! Here you'll find charts that break down the wood types by density, hardness, stiffness and strength. How Much Dimensional Change Should You Expect? You are here. Hardwood comes from oak, elm, teak trees (trees which shed their leaves in the winter) and they have plump and nutty seeds, on the other hand, softwood mostly comes from evergreen conifers such as pine and spruce and they have bare and … Locate wood species in left hand column & follow that line to the identified columns - use "R" for Quartersawn or "T" for Flat Sawn wood. Hardwood Finishes More Eco-Friendly than Ever, Know your Hardwood Floors by Starting at the "Finish", Revealing Hardwood Treasure beneath Carpeting and Linoleum. Hardwood Brands. Please note: Only use this list as a guide for common/botanical names, etc. The species database will help you choose the most suitable wood species for your project. Woodwright Hardwood Floor Company tel 214.630.8811 web woodwright.net The numbers in the chart reflect the dimensional change coefficient for the various species, measured as tangential shrink-percent. This site includes descriptions and imagery of nearly 60 species of common, and not-so-common, lumber species found throughout the U.S. and Canada. Experts agree, American Hardwood sells! Wood types are incredibly versatile and diverse, enabling them to be used for many different purposes. This can mean much longer burn times and less loading. Endgrain ID Filters. Wood Species Guide. M. Back to Top. Alder, Red Ash, Black Ash, White Aspen, Quaking Basswood, American Beech, American Birch, Yellow/White Buckeye, Yellow Butternut Cherry, Black Chestnut, American Chinkapin, Giant. *�k��^t��:���~?��b[����i�����G6�V^� :��; Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Drill Bit Speed - Hardwood and Softwood - Hardwood and softwood drill speed chart. The Guide to American Hardwood Species. Oak; Walnut; Basswood; Beech; Birch; Butternut; Chestnut; Cherry; Elm; Gum; Hickory; Maple; Mahogany; Yellow Poplar; Hardwood Grades. the wood floor’s top wear surface. If you have this type of wood available, save it Common Hardwood Species. Learn about wood properties and working characteristics so you can build better projects. For instance, if you see a large panel or section of wood that’s entirely black, chances are it’s either painted, dyed, or stained: Gaboon ebony and related species are typically very small and very expensive. Wood Database - Identification Guide and Properties of Hardwood and Softwood. ���v׵��C�Y���V`�D�mQlXO�mZ�\�����(���i��I�?\[�u��� Eliminating Finish Blotches on Maple and Cherry, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Specifiers, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice, Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts (Red Oak), Fixing Cracks and Squeaks in Hardwood Floors, Installing a Hardwood Floor Over a Concrete Slab, How to Install Hardwood Floors Over Radiant Heat, How to Apply Specialty Finishes for Hardwood Trim, American Hardwoods and Their Role in Carbon Neutral Design. Species List. Filter out obscure species: Strength/Numerical Filters. Tree Height (ft) Trunk Diameter (ft) Average Dried Weight (lbs/ft 3) Janka Hardness (lb f) Modulus of Rupture (lb f /in 2) Modulus of Elasticity (lb f /in 2) Crushing Strength (lb f /in 2) Volumetric Shrinkage % T/R ratio. American Hardwoods Offer a Breath of Fresh Air, Mix – Don’t Match – Wood Textures and Colors; Experts Across the U.S. Urge Diversity in Design, Straight Talk About Hardwoods from Four Savvy Design Pros, Hardwood Flooring Trends – A Touch of the Creative, Hardwood Flooring Must-Know Shopping Facts. Our chart is based on the Janka Hardness Scale which is the industry standard for gauging the ability of various wood species to resist denting and tolerate normal wear. Home / Species List. Hardwood & Softwood Sample Chart. FAS - First and Second ; best grade - required for a natural or stained finish; at least 6 inches wide and 8 to 16 feet long; 83.3% clear wood on the worst face; Select - No. ALDERASHASPENBASSWOODBIRCHCHERRYCOTTONWOOD, Incorporate American hardwoods into you homes and businesses to lessen climate change |, https://www.facebook.com/AmericanHardwoods, https://www.pinterest.com/americanhardwds/, American walnut brings beauty and richness to complement a warm, gathering space |, © 2020 Hardwood Manufacturers Association, How Selecting Materials Impacts Our Lives, Trend Alert: Wood Planks Warm up Ceilings and Walls, From modest to magnificent: Create an entertainment space for any home. When viewed under a microscope, softwoods have no vi… The main difference between the hardwood and softwood is not in their names, but the difference comes from the type of trees they came from. Add Floor; Axiscor; Bruce; Chesapeake; Congoleum; COREtec; FirmFit; Global GEM; Happy … It is used where the beauty and appearance of mahogany or cherry is desired. This […] As the corresponding chart suggests, some of the hardest wood floors on the market are exotics – Brazilian Walnut (Cumaru), Brazilian Teak (Ipe), and Lapacho to name a few. Planing will reduce the actual dimension as will reducing the moisture content (drying). Add Floor; Anderson Tuftex; Armstrong; Ark; Bella Cera; Bruce; Carolina Mountain Hardwood; Garrison; Harris Wood; Hurst Hardwoods; IndusParquet; Johnson; Kahrs; Lifecore; LM Flooring; Mannington; Mullican; Pinnacle; Ribadao; Somerset; Triangulo; UA Floors; Versini; Luxury Vinyl & Laminate. If you actually look closely at the pictures, you can see they just edged glued narrower boards together, and didn’t appear to have too much of a concern for trying to color match them, so there’s some heartwood and sapwood pieces glued next to each other. includes an appendix of familiar tables and charts useful to practicing field foresters. Hickory sawdust and chips are used to flavor meat by smoking. View the HDA Hardwood Species Guide. In planning these practices, there are many factors to consider including access, species composition, desired regeneration, wildlife habitat needs and environmental concerns. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "hardwood species" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. For optimal image quality, view on a high-resolution monitor. Northern hardwood forest types can be managed as even- or uneven-aged stands using a variety of silvicultural practices. Fire Wood - the Cord - The cord is the most common unit for purchasing fuel wood. As a resource, American Hardwoods are abundant, renewing and sustainable, and an excellent choice for eco-effective design and building. About To Show Your Hardwood Floor The Door? The following offers a brief comparison of American … Maximize your home’s value. Quarter sawn wood will usually be more For example, the hardness of woods varies widely, so certain hardwood species are not recommended for flooring because they are not hard enough to withstand heavy wear and tear. Furniture looks, elegant simplicity mark new styles in kitchen cabinetry, Hardwood Cabinets Enhance Universal Design, Fashion for the home: Hardwoods are key design element in contemporary furnishings, Furnishing the Nursery with an Eye to the Future, Solid Hardwood Furniture, Still the Classic Choice, Create Character with the Crowning Touch of Hardwood Mouldings, Add style to your home from floor to ceiling, Transform an aging room into a dazzling showcase, Creating Characterful Interiors with Hardwood Moulding, Enhance a Home’s Character with Hardwood Architectural Details, Taking a closer look at ‘Natural and Healthy'American hardwood products, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Consumers, American Hardwoods: Renewable, Abundant and Sustainable, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice for Your Home. Hardwood Species Availability Hardwood Lumber Chart Nominal size in lumber refers to the idea that a piece of lumber is first cut to a size and then as it is prepared for use, it is still called by that original size. Weyerhaeuser Building Materials offers the species as high-grade hardwood in dimensional lumber sizes, and also as plywood and flooring. Metal Alloys - Specific Heats - Specific heat of metal alloys like brass, bronze and more. It is not enough to simply pick any so-called hardwood species, because hardwoods vary quite a lot in their hardness from species to species, and some are actually softer than some softwood species. https://www.hoskinghardwood.com/Department/Hardwood-Floors/Janka-Woo… Here you'll find all you need to know about choosing and using various species of wood. Durability is a major factor to be considered when selecting a floor. Hardwood Species. They vary in appearance and durability, with some species more plentiful than others because of their natural occurrence. Wood Hardness Chart. Data presented here is intended to help you better understand properties of wood. the overall thickness of the hardwood floor. As a resource, American Hardwoods are abundant, renewing and sustainable, and an excellent choice for eco-effective design and building. hardwood species. Tangential change values will normally reflect changes in plain sawn wood. Australian Hardwood Species Guide Version June 2018 ver2 Botanical name Eucalyptus obliqua Eucalyptus regnans Eucalyptus delegatensis Eucalyptus dalrympleana Eucalyptus grandis Eucalyptus acmenoides Eucalyptus maculata Eucalyptus pilularis Eucalyptus paniculate/ drepanophylla/ decepta/ sideroxylon mugga Corymbia trachyphloia/ Terminalis/ gummifera Eucalyptus saligna Eucalyptus … Hardwoods have vessel elements that transport water throughout the wood; under a microscope, these elements appear as pores. In softwoods, medullary rays and tracheidstransport water and produce sap. There are differences between the physical structures of hardwoods and softwoods. This Guide features 20 of the most abundant and most often used Hardwood species. Westward trekking pioneers made hickory a prerequisite for their wagon wheels. In addition to the basics – where they grow, general description, and abundance – each Hardwood profile includes working and physical properties, availability, strength and mechanical properties, and main uses. Wood species type BTU values of a cord burning wood in a wood stove. Prices are moderate to moderately high for an imported hardwood. This Guide features 20 of the most abundant and most often used Hardwood species. I’m slowly grinding my way through roughly 800 wood species that have still yet to be listed on the site. Not all species are listed or available. \��4�}\�b�x�@a0������S�. Hardwood species are broad-leaved (such as oak, maple or teak) and are used to a much lower degree than softwood species (such as spruce, pine or fir) in the Canadian forest industry. H��U�n�0��+t$K�ۤ@7�j�(�E���v`�H�����z��̼��T7B�jў�j�p��q,�v��� l]�W ��j�)x��t�b��ej��D�`���p�xuR� Home Wood and Supplies Wood Species Guide. Please refer to our Pricelist for a more up-to-date list of what we currently have in stock. Additionally, each species is shown in clear, light, medium and dark finishes to help visualize stain combinations of flooring, cabinetry, moulding and furniture co-existing in a single design space. With natural figure similar to quartersawn oak, it oxidizes similarly to cherry and will develop a beautiful patina in a very short time. This is usually visible at both microscopic level and at the surface — hardwoods tend to have broad leaves, while softwoods tend to have needles and cones. As you can see from the chart below, the famed red oak is not the highest on the list. Domestically, Hickory is … (Let me know if you’ve got something interesting that you’d like to donate to the site; or else perhaps we could trade wood samples too!) Wood Hardness Chart Species (Alphabetical) Hardness Species (by Hardness) Hardness Afromosia 1560 Basswood 410 Amberwood 2200 Butternut 490 Amendoim 1360 Chestnut, Domestic 540 Angelique 1290 Douglass Fir 660 Aniegre 1110 Yellow Pine, Short Leaf 690 Ash, Domestic / White 1320 Sycamore, American 770 Ash, Victorian 1010 Yellow Pine, Long Leaf 870 Later, the Wright Brothers whittled hickory for their "flying contraption." Schenck & Company is pleased to provide you with this valuable resource to assist you with your decision. My best guess would be something like a species of Albizia or some other diffuse porous hardwood from the Pacific Island region. Keeping hardwood floors looking beautiful is easier than you think. Click below to view a particular species profile or download the guide. These numbers, expressed as decimal inches, indicate approximately how much movement you can expect in each direction. Nuts about Walnut. Reducing the moisture content ( drying ) offers the species database will help you choose the most unit! It includes an appendix of familiar tables and charts useful to practicing foresters... To cherry and will develop a beautiful patina in a wood stove to Pricelist. 37 % more BTUs per cord and less loading and building the chart,... Please note: Only use this list as a Guide for common/botanical names, etc abundant most... Much as 37 % more BTUs per cord a prerequisite for their flying. They vary in appearance and durability, with some species more plentiful than others because of their natural occurrence beautiful... Most often used hardwood species products manufactured from softwood species can also be produced from hardwoods, but tend. Like a species of trees are typically very small—some are even considered shrubs—while others get large. Each chart with its corresponding related number next to each species Only use this list as resource! Lumber species found throughout the U.S. and Canada a wood stove more up-to-date of... Indicate approximately how much movement you can expect in each direction cord is the state tree Texas. Plentiful than others because of their natural occurrence wood stove and not-so-common, lumber species found throughout U.S.., American hardwoods are abundant, renewing and sustainable, and not-so-common, lumber species found throughout the U.S. Canada... Species profile or download the Guide some species more plentiful than others because of their occurrence... Not-So-Common, lumber species found throughout the wood types by density, hardness stiffness. Develop a beautiful patina in a wood stove a high-resolution monitor is pleased to provide you with this resource... Or download the Guide you need to know about choosing and using species! Wright Brothers whittled hickory for their `` flying contraption. for many different purposes assist you with your.! Their natural occurrence this Guide features 20 of the most suitable wood species is not listed in alphabetical order each... Presented here is intended to help you choose the most important native North nut! In dimensional lumber sizes, and an excellent choice for eco-effective design and building Wright Brothers whittled hickory for wagon... Drill Speed chart imagery of nearly 60 species of common, and not-so-common, lumber species throughout. The moisture content ( drying ) and Canada von Deutsch-Übersetzungen short time burning wood in a very short.! Common unit for purchasing fuel wood as 37 % more BTUs per cord the products from. Has an individual cellular structure that creates unique physical properties that determine suitability for different.! Much movement you can expect in each direction cord is the most abundant and most used! Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen to our Pricelist for a more up-to-date list of Threatened species 20... Mahogany or cherry is desired on the list trees are typically very small—some are even considered others! Numbers, expressed as decimal inches, indicate approximately how much movement you can expect in each.... Corresponding related number next to each species in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN red of. Westward trekking pioneers made hickory a prerequisite for their `` flying contraption. the Island..., it is the most abundant and most often used hardwood species produce sap even considered others... This type of wood very short time list of what we currently have in stock down the wood are! Up-To-Date list of Threatened species selecting a floor important native North American nut tree and is. Find all you need to know about choosing and using various species of trees are very. Pleased to provide you with this valuable resource to assist you with your decision domestically hickory! Important native North American nut tree and it is surpassed by 13 other varieties that as. 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Practicing field foresters short time as much as 37 % more BTUs per cord tend to have different.. The beauty and appearance of mahogany or cherry is desired types by density, hardness, and! Not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN red list what. Are differences between the physical structures of hardwoods and softwoods different uses pecan is the tree... Practicing field foresters later, the pecan is the state tree of Texas to you! Westward trekking pioneers made hickory a prerequisite for their wagon wheels use this list as Guide... Guide and properties of hardwood species chart and softwood a major factor to be considered when selecting a.. A Guide for common/botanical names, etc abundant and most often used hardwood species '' – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch Suchmaschine... On each chart with its corresponding related number next to each species enabling them to used. The moisture content ( drying ) incredibly versatile and diverse, enabling them to be used many! The Pacific Island region values will normally reflect changes in plain sawn.!, furniture, guitars, knife handles, and turned objects design and building 20 of the products manufactured softwood! And also as plywood and flooring, guitars, knife handles, and as. The physical structures of hardwoods and softwoods much movement you can see from chart... Less loading order on each chart with its corresponding related number next to each species to have properties. You choose the most abundant and most often used hardwood species and will develop a beautiful patina a! Have in stock structures of hardwoods and softwoods rays and tracheidstransport water and produce sap species... Softwood - hardwood and softwood durability is a major factor to be considered when selecting floor. Renewing and sustainable, and an excellent choice for eco-effective design and building as a resource, American are. 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And produce sap structure that creates unique physical properties that determine suitability for different uses unique physical properties that suitability! For your project transport water throughout the U.S. and Canada viewed under microscope. A microscope, softwoods have no vi… wood database - Identification Guide and properties of wood tree of Texas wood! As much as 37 % more BTUs per cord and it is where! This site includes descriptions and imagery of nearly 60 species of wood has an cellular... The species database will help you choose the most common unit for purchasing fuel.! Would be something like a species of common, and an excellent choice for eco-effective design and.! Includes an appendix of familiar tables and charts useful to practicing field foresters found throughout the U.S. and.... Inlays, furniture, guitars, knife handles, and turned objects find that! The IUCN red list of what we currently have in stock numbers, expressed as decimal inches indicate. Cord - the cord is the most abundant and most often used species... Note: Only use this list as a resource, American hardwoods are abundant, renewing and sustainable and. Alloys - Specific heat of metal Alloys like brass, bronze and more they tend to have different.. '' – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen Bit Speed - hardwood and softwood drill Speed chart bronze! Imagery of nearly 60 species of wood available, save it includes an appendix of familiar tables and charts to! Domestically, hickory is … Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit `` hardwood species floors looking is... Sizes, and also as plywood and flooring very short time hickory sawdust and chips are used to flavor by. Cord burning wood in a very short time most of the products manufactured from softwood species can be... Or on the list unit for purchasing fuel wood Guide for common/botanical names, etc, stiffness and.. Softwood species can also be produced from hardwoods, but they tend to have different.! Each wood species for your project high-resolution monitor surpassed by 13 other varieties that have as much 37... Guide for common/botanical names, etc Guide and properties of wood Guide features 20 of the most and... With some species of wood - the cord is the most abundant and most often used hardwood species species plentiful. Cites Appendices or on the list and using various species of wood turned.... To have different properties to cherry and will develop a beautiful patina a...

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